DNA Genesis: The Children of Adam (National Geographic History Science Documentary)

23 Jan 2015 01:11:17 1,419
1,710,719
9,931 1,538

New studies on the genetic markers contained within the Y-chromosome have helped bring to light the story of human origins and humanities dispersion across the planet. This documentary, as part of the National Geographic Society's Genographic Project, follows project director Dr Spencer Wells as he retraces that incredible journey.

Quran
4:1 O MANKIND! Be conscious of your Sustainer, who has created you out of one living entity, and out of it created its mate, and out of the two spread abroad a multitude of men and women.

Out of the many meanings attributed to the term "nafs" — living entity, human being, humankind, etc — most of the classical commentators choose "human being" unwarrantably tying it to the literal biblical account of the creation of Adam and Eve. The rendering of nafs as "living entity" in the above translation is based upon the interpretation of the great Islamic scholar Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) — who preferred the term "humankind". Its rendering as "one living entity" not only stresses the common origin and fellowship of the human race, which, undoubtedly, is the purport of the above verse, but also remains consistent with the Quranic descriptions of creation.

21:30 ARE, THEN, they who are bent on denying the truth not aware that the heavens and the earth were [once] one single entity, which We then parted asunder? — and [that] We made out of water every living thing?

As regards the expression zawjaha ("its mate") it is to be noted that, with reference to animate beings, the term zawj ("a pair", "one of a pair" or "a mate") applies to both the male and female components of a pair or couple. The literal translation of minha as "out of it" clearly alludes, in conformity with the text, to the fact that male and female multicellular life has originated from a single primal organism, i.e. a eukaryotic cell or "one living entity".

15:28 And lo! Thy Sustainer said unto the angels: "Behold, I am about to create mortal man out of sounding clay, out of dark slime transmuted; (29) and when I have formed him fully and breathed into him of My spirit, fall down before him in prostration!"

There are many references in the Quran to humanities having been created out of turab ("dust") or out of tin ("clay"): both terms signifying the lowly biological origin of human life as well as the fact that the human body is composed of various organic and inorganic substances found within the earth. The term salsal ("dried clay that emits a sound", i.e. when struck) is used in the Quran with sole reference to the creation of humanity: seemingly alluding to the distinctly human ability to articulate conceptual thought. This salsal is stated to have evolved out of hama ("dark fetid mud" or "dark slime") while the participial adjective masnun, which qualifies this noun, signifies both "altered" (i.e. in its composition) and "brought into shape": the term being rendered in the verse as "transmuted". What we have here is a description of the primeval biological environment out of which the "sounding clay" — the matrix of the human body — has evolved in accordance with God's plan of creation. The breathing of God's spirit into the "fully formed" human body is clearly a metaphor for the divine endowment of human consciousness and, hence, of a human soul.

7:22 But as soon as the two had tasted [the fruit] of the tree, they became conscious of their nakedness; and they began to cover themselves with pieced-together leaves from the garden.

The change from the dual to the plural form of address in verses 7:24 and 20:123 ("saying: 'Down with you all ...'") makes it clear that the story of Adam and Eve is, fundamentally, an allegory of human destiny. In their earlier state of existence human beings were unaware of good and evil and, therefore, of the ever-present possibility of making a choice between the two. In other words, they lived, like all other animal species on earth, in the light of their instincts alone.

Around the flickering fire, hominids danced and clapped and voiced distinctive sounds in imitation of bird song, animal calls and warnings. Voiced repeatedly, the ritual noises began to acquire symbolic meaning. The ritual followed the hunt and the new sounds were used for identification, coordination and preplanning. For gatherers, the sounds became objects, quantities, qualities and were worked into nursery rhymes. The intellectual was superimposed with the metric in ever greater ordered complexity until, about 200,000 years ago, "Y-chromosomal Adam" and "Mitochondrial Eve" were born with an advanced set of genes and awoke to the nature of the Spirit via the "forbidden fruit" of language. Designated in the Bible as "the tree of life" and "the tree of knowledge of good and evil" Genesis 2:9, contemplative thought and faith allowed modern humans to know and worship God marking a revolutionary new stage of evolution.

DNA Genesis: Children of Adam National Geographic History Science Documentaries

Related of "DNA Genesis: The Children of Adam (National Geographic History Science Documentary)" Videos