HAVE, HAS, HAD - English Grammar Basics - Difference Between Have and Has - When to Use Had

02 May 2016 10:45 486
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Are you sometimes confused how to use HAVE, HAS and HAD correctly? Watch this lesson and learn the proper use of these forms. Also see - MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9

★★★ Also check out ★★★
➜ PARTS OF SPEECH (Verb, Noun, Adjective, Adverb etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwsQmAjoAxtFvwk_PaqQeS68
➜ SHOULD HAVE, COULD HAVE, WOULD HAVE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rk6F73hOX_I&index=1&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9
➜ HAVE HAD, HAS HAD, HAD HAD: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JYfq00CswV8&index=4&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9

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Transcript:

Hello there and welcome. My name is Ganesh - I'm from LearnEnglishLab.com
And in this lesson we're going to
discuss where to use have, has and had.

This
is a very popular question among a lot
of English learners. Now before we get
into the rules, remember that the verb have is the base form.

That means that has,
and had are not different verbs, they're
all just different forms of the same
verb which is have.

So we're going to
call this the base form.

This verb is used in two ways. First, it's used to show
possession. This means that it shows that
you have something. For example if I say

I have a car
it means that I own a car. Or you can say
She has two sisters. That of course does
not mean that she owns her sisters. It
just means that she is related to these
two people her family.

They're her sisters.
So here it shows the relationship between
them. So in that way it shows possession. Now
have can also be used as a helping verb

Here I have two sentences in the present perfect tense.
If you look at this sentence over here
I have finished my homework. In this sentence
have is not showing that someone has
something, that's not the function.

In
this sentence the main verb is finished
that's the main verb. Have is helping this
verb and if you hear the sentence, if
someone says I have finish my homework then you might guess that maybe they've just
finished their homework.

Or if a kid
tells us to his mother he says Mom I've
just finished or I've finished my homework. Can I go out and play now? Then there's some
connection between his finishing the
homework and the present because he
wants to go out.

So here, it's helping the main
verb and it's the same thing over here
Pierre has got a new job. If you hear
this you would guess the Pierre has maybe
recently got a job, that's the function
of has over here.

So have is used in
two main ways - one is to show
possession and two as a helping verb

OKnow let's talk about where to use have,
has and had. Now which one you choose, that
is which form of have you choose will
depend on two things - it depends on the
tense of the sentence and it also depends on the
subject of the sentence.

Remember that
the subject is who or what is doing the
action. Let's first look at the
present tense.

If you have a sentence in the
present tense and if the subject is I,
you, we, they or any plural noun, then you will
use the base form - that is have. So in
sentence, Paul and Amber have a beautiful
house.

This sentence in the present tense
and here, we have a plural because it's

Paul and Amber - two people, so we're using have. Now if this was only Paul, then we would use have
We might say Paul has a beautiful house.
or Amber has a beautiful house. But
because it's two people - Paul and Amber, we use
have.

Paul and amber have a beautiful house.
Now if the subject is I or you or we or they, we still use have. So I have a
beautiful house. or You have a beautiful
house.

We have beautiful house etc. Have a
look at this sentence. Here,
Murray has a degree in economics. Murray is a
singular noun, so if you have a sentence in
the present tense but the subject is he, she, it or any singular noun, then we will
use has. Murray, once again, is a singular
noun so Murray has a degree in economics.

He has a degree in economics. She has a
degree in economics etc. Over here I have two
sentences for you in the present perfect tense - I
have taught English for six years. We're using
have because the subject is I,

But look at
this sentence - He has taught English for six
years. Now both of these sentences are
basically just the same

The only difference is the subject which
is I here and he here. But because the
subject is I the verb is have and because the
subject is He, the verb form becomes has

That is the only difference here. So all of these
are sentences in the present tense. Now
let's talk about the past
tense.

If you have a sentence in the past
tense
well it's good news, because no matter
what subject you have, you will always
use had.

So here They had a car. That means
they don't have a car now - They had a car
in the past. But we're using had because it's
in the past tense.

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