A One-Day Starvation Secret Got the Nobel Prize

22 Jan 2019 09:34 4,795
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You probably know that most tissues in your body regularly replace their cells with new ones. Different organs need their own time to renew completely. And some tissues don't replace their cells at all. But have you ever wondered where the dead cells of your body end up?

Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese cell biologist, spent years studying how human cells get rid of their waste. If this process in the body doesn't work correctly, a person can develop type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, some age-related diseases, and even cancer. And it turned out that when you fast, your cells live longer and produce more energy!

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What autophagy is 1:07
What biochemist Dr. Christian de Duve discovered in the 1960s 1:41
Do you need to eat animal protein to build new cells? 2:33
Whan autophagy gets more intensive 4:16
The health benefits of intermittent fasting 5:16
A 24-hour fast 5:58
Fasting on alternate days 6:17
Skipping meals 6:55
Daily-window fasting 7:17
Water fasting 7:52
Why it’s good for you to have animal-protein-free days from time to time 8:09

Preview photo credit:
Nobel laureate Yoshinori Ohsumi shows his medal after an award ceremony in Stockholm on Dec. 10, 2016. Ohsumi was awarded the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for elucidating "autophagy," an intracellular process that degrades and recycles proteins: By Kyodo/Associated Press/East News, https://www.eastnews.ru/pictures/picture/id/52380261/i/0/t/0
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Music by Epidemic Sound https://www.epidemicsound.com/

- The first person who discovered autophagy was Belgian biochemist Dr. Christian de Duve. For this discovery, he got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974.
- Surprisingly, studies show that they still have approximately the same amount of proteins and carbohydrates in their digestive system as they would if they ate animal protein.
- The body can use its own protein in the form of dead and damaged cells and bacteria which have been previously stored away.
- If your natural recycling mechanism doesn't work, damaged cells and their parts start to accumulate in the body. And it ends up unable to neutralize cancer cells and cells infected by dangerous viruses and bacteria. As a result, this can lead to various serious illnesses.
- Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi found out that autophagy gets more intensive when the body is undergoing some stress. Such stress can be fasting, calorie restriction, or even starvation.
- In all his studies, Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi used starvation and fasting to encourage the body to break down toxic cells and get rid of all the garbage.
- Intermittent fasting, which is alternating the periods of eating and fasting, can help your body to clean itself. Besides, it can help you to lose weight and speed up your metabolism.
- If you're a newbie in the world of fasting and the practice looks a bit intimidating, start with skipping your meals. In general, it's enough to skip one meal a day to boost your metabolism and trigger cleansing processes in your body. Just remember that if you've skipped a meal, you shouldn't overeat at the next one.
- One more interesting conclusion you can draw from this research is that, despite what some people think, vegetarians don't suffer from a lack of animal protein. They just get it in a different way.

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